AEAS語法考點:not嘅用法介紹(二)

原標題:AEAS語法考點:not嘅用法介紹(二)

二 . not 嘅肯定意義及否定意義

1. not 同某些詞搭配使用時,可以表示肯定意義。

( 1 ) not until / not … until 意為“直到……才……”; not only … but also …意為“唔但……同埋……”; not a few ( = many )意為“好多”; not a little ( = very, much )意為“好”或“十分”。例如:

① Not until he failed did he realize what mistakes he had made.

直到失敗la他才明白他所犯嘅錯誤係乜嘢性質。

② After a whole day’s work, I was not a little tired.

過去一整天,我感到好累。

( 2 ) not 同某些詞語搭配,構成雙重否定:

not … without …冇哪次唔; cannot … too …點樣樣……都唔為過分; not … but …冇……唔……; too … not to do sth. 太 / 十分……唔會唔做某事; not fail to do sth. 成功地做某事; not … rather than …冇……唔……。例如:

① I cannot see the picture without thinking of my mother.

我每次見到這張相片都諗起我嘅媽媽。

② You cannot be too careful while driving.

開車時你點樣小心都唔為過。

③ Now there isn’t any dictionary but has one or two misprints.

現喺哪本字典都會有一兩處印刷錯誤。

④ Xiao Ming is too clever not to avoid such mistakes.

小明好聰明,會避免這種錯誤嘅。

⑤ He doesn’t fail to write to his parents every month.

他每月都給他嘅父母寫信。

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⑥ In that school not any lessons are held in languages rather than English.

喺嗰個學校每門課程都係用英語講授嘅。

2. not 同一些代詞連用,表示部分否定:

not both 或 both … not 意為“並非兩者都……”; not every 或 every … not 意為“並非每個都……”; not all 或 all … not 意為“並非全部都……”; not everything 或 everything … not 意為“並非每一件事都……”。例如:

① Not both of his parents are at home.

他嘅父母並非都喺家。

② Not everyone in our class likes pop music.

我們班嘅同學並非個個都鐘意流行音樂。

③ Not all the members of my family are TV lovers.

我們家並非人人都愛看電視。

3. “ not A or B ”表示“唔係 A 也唔係 B ”;“ not A and B ”表示“唔係A同B都···/係A唔係B ”;“ not A but B ”表示“唔係 A 而係 B ”;“ more A than B ”表示“同其說 B 倒唔如說 A ”。例如:

① He is not rich or kind. (意為: He is neither rich nor kind. )他唔富裕也唔仁慈。

② Not you but he is to blame for it.

唔係你而係他將為這件事受到責備。

③ He is more uneducated than stupid.

同其說他腦子笨倒唔如說他冇受過教育。

三 . not 代替代詞。

一般說來,若係同意或認可對方說嘅話用 so 來代替,若係唔同意或唔認可對方嘅話則用 not 來代替,以避免重複。例如:

— Do you think it will be fine tomorrow?

你認為明天天氣好嗎?

— I think so.

我諗係咁樣。

— I think not. ( = I don’t think so. )

我諗天氣唔會好嘅。

四 . not 同 no 嘅區別:

1. 詞性上嘅區別: not 隻用作副詞,而 no 可以用作形容詞。比較:

Now I have no money on me.

Now I have not any money on me.

2. 語用上嘅區別: not 表示一般嘅否定描述,而 no 則表示強烈嘅否定意義。例如:

( 1 ) He is not a writer.

他唔係作家。

( 2 ) He is no writer.

他決唔係作家。

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